The term ‘Co-ordination’ is defined as the process of bringing about unity and harmony and functioning among the diverse elements and sub-system of an organization. It is a conscious and rational administerial function of pulling together the different threads of organized activity and waves them into a unified whole to achieve pre-determined goals in an effective manner. According to J.D Mooney, “Co-ordination is the orderly arrangement of group effort, to provide unity of action in the pursuit of a common purpose.”
Ordway Tead defines co-ordination as “the effort to ensure the smooth interplay of the functions and forces of all the different components and parts of an organization to the end that its purposes will be realized with a minimum of friction and a maximum of collaborative effectiveness.” In the words of Dalton McFarland, “Co-ordination is the process whereby an executive develops an orderly pattern of group effort among his subordinates and secures unity of action in the pursuit of common purpose.”
Major features of Co-ordination
Co-ordination has some distinct features or characteristics which are outlined as follows:
- It is basically an administerial (managerial) activity.
- It calls for a conscious and deliberate effort on the part of administrators at all the levels.
- It is an orderly arrangement of group efforts.
- Its purpose is to secure unity of action towards common objectives
- It is a continuous or on-going process. It is also a dynamic process involving give and take.
- It is a system concept in the sense that it regards an organization as a system of co-operative efforts. It recognizes the diversity and interdependence of organizational systems and need for fusion and synthesis of efforts