The expression ‘Public administration’ has more than one dimension. Firstly, as an activity it is concerned with organized collective effort towards the accomplishment of some common objective like public welfare, development and security etc. It brings within its purview activities associated with planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting and budgeting all in government’s setting.
Secondly, in terms of structure, it refer to the whole ensemble of institutions designed and established to carry out various activities of the state and relates to conceptual configuration of various positions of authority and responsibility (hierarchy), procedural rules and regulations, channels of communications etc.It is concerned with systematic synchronization of various factor into a meaningful and self sustaining entity to accomplish certain goals.
Thirdly, Public administration can be viewed as subject of study or discipline like history,geography,political science ,sociology etc. As a subject it is concerned with the study of what, how and why of the whole government in action. It brings within its purview the subject matters like structural, procedural and behavioral dimensions of public administration, its operational profile and jurisdiction, administration of finance and human resource, challenges of efficient policy implementation, the mutually influencing relationship between administration and environment and its constantly changing dynamics and many more things.
Further, on account of increasingly globalizing world, expanding canvas of market based economy and the resounding impact of I-T revolution, the theoretical as well as professional boundary of public administration have witnessed mind boggling expansion in the recent decades.
Therefore, public administration by its very nature is a dynamic subject having porous boundary which demands an inter-disciplinary approach for its substantive study. It truly empowers you to connect more vibrantly and meaningfully to the environmental developments.